GarageBand Reverb Basics

Before getting to know reverb

Hello.

Today we’re going to discuss reverb plug-in effects! So, here we go.

Reverb is a basic plug-in for mixing, and is the most commonly used plug-in after equalizer, compressor, and others.

If you don’t know how to use this plug-in, the whole song won’t come together at all. It will sound as if you are taking a bath.

Or it can even feel like you are singing a song in a drummer’s drum.

If you use and master reverb correctly, you can make your song sound like a gorgeous Hollywood movie, but if you make a mistake, it will sound like a “frog song” sung by a tone-deaf person with no echo at a karaoke bar.

We want to avoid that!

So, you don’t want that! Let’s learn about it on this page today. Let’s take a look.

What is reverb anyway?

Reverb is, simply put, reverberation. What is reverberation? For those who ask, reverberation is an echo.

What is reverberation? Please look it up.

This plug-in called “reverb” adds echoes to the sound and changes the sound to one that is technically reverberant.

In this way, you can reproduce the sound of a church without having to go to the church to record it.

Reverb is a complex mixture of sounds reflected off walls and ceilings.

There are two types of reverb. Let’s look at them below.

What is a type of reverb?

I mentioned earlier that there are two types of reverbs. The first is the digital reverb.

The first is a digital reverb, which may come with the DAW or be included in a third-party plug-in (purchased for a fee).

You can easily add reverb by simply clicking a button.

You can add a variety of reverberation sounds by manipulating the sound.

The other is a convolution reverb (sample reverb) called IR. The most famous is Waves’ IR-L.

This reverb is a reverb that reads the sound reverberation data itself, and then uses it in the sound.

By creating a reverberating sound in a desert or cave in a magical way, it makes it sound as if you have been there.

Send and insert systems

There are two ways to apply effects.

Basically, spatial effects must be applied with sends.

You can also use inserts, but we don’t use them that way very often.

How to apply sends and inserts will be explained in another article.

Reverb Parameters

Reverb Type

The reverb type determines what type of reverb is used.

Hall is a reverb for venues with a lot of reverberation and is used as a master for mixes.

Room” reproduces the reverberation of a room. It works well with pianos and hawk guitars.

Plate” produces a metallic sound. This plate sound goes well with vocals.

Chamber simulates the reverberation of a room created by placing reflectors at various angles to create the sound of reverb. It is used for drums.

Church is a church. It goes well with strings.

Spring is a reverb created by a spring. It is suitable for guitar, organ, and electric piano.

As you can see, you can reproduce a deep reverb or a slight reverb, depending on the type of reverb.

pre-delay

Pre-delay is a parameter that sets the time difference between the output of the original sound and the start of the reverb.

If you want to create depth in a space, set a larger value.

It is best to remember that this parameter “sets the size of the building.

Reverb time (Decay)

Reverb time is a parameter that sets the length of the reverb.

It is the amount of time it takes for the generated reverb component to decay and disappear.

The longer the time, the longer the reverb.

If you make it too long, the reverberation will remain persistent, giving the overall impression of a dull reverb.

The setting should be adjusted to match the tempo and phrase of the existing music, but recently some plug-ins can set it automatically.

Size (Depth)

You can set the size of the room or building. Increasing the value will increase the size of the room.

Conversely, a smaller value will make the room smaller.

The name of the plug-ins, such as “room size,” differs depending on the plug-in.

Dry and Wet (Dry/Wet)

Dry refers to the original sound. When fully dry, no reverb is applied.

On the contrary, wet sets the reverb.

Density)

Density allows you to set the density of the reverberation sound.

A larger value will result in a smoother decay of the reverberation.

Decreasing the value will cause the reverberation to decay to an extreme level.

Early Reflection

Early Reflection can set the initial reflection sound.

History of Reverb

Reverb has a long history, and even old songs were recorded with artificially created reverb. Even today, reverb can be easily added to songs through plug-in effects, but in the past, reverb was added using a variety of techniques.

Let’s take a look at the evolution of such reverbs.

Echo chamber (echo chamber)

The echo chamber is the origin of reverb.

Around 1940, echo chambers, or resonant rooms, were set up in studios to record natural sounds.

This is the origin of reverb.

How reverb was recorded in an echo chamber was by placing a speaker in the room (echo room) and using a microphone to capture the sound reproduced from the speaker to obtain reverb.

By changing the position and distance of the speaker and microphone, the texture of the reverb changed.

The studio where the famous echo chamber was located is “Abbey Road Studios,” which you may have heard of if you are a DTM player.

plate reverb

The plate reverb was developed in the late 1950s.

The plate reverb produces a beautiful reverb sound by vibrating and resonating a steel plate.

Even today, the plate reverb is a familiar reverb that is used in a variety of parts.

Especially if you are adding reverb to vocals, this plate reverb works well with them and can create beautiful vocal sounds.

The original plate reverb is the “EMT140.

spring reverb

Born in the 1970s, the spring reverb is a very innovative reverb that uses a spring to create reverb.

You may be thinking, “How can a spring reverb sound so good? You may think so, but the spring reverb produces a high quality reverb that is not only good for live instruments, but also for singing.

This spring reverb, for example, is a standard for guitar amplifiers.

digital reverb

In the late 1970s, digital reverbs were on the rise.

This digital development led to the creation of sounds such as gated reverbs.

In the early 1980s, digital reverbs evolved considerably with the advancement of technology.

Around this time, a technology called DSP, which converts audio signals into digital signals to create realistic effects, emerged and was incorporated into digital reverbs.

The most famous DSP digital reverb is the Lexicon 480L. The Lexicon is a reverb that gives an outstanding sense of transparency, and even today, effect plug-ins modeled after the Lexicon are available from a variety of companies.

As time goes by, plug-in effects that reproduce the above reverb are now available in various forms.

GarageBand Reverb Basics Summary

Once you have mastered reverb, you can manipulate the sound at will and make it sound so realistic that you feel as if you are there.

Check the use of reverb you’ve learned here over and over again, and make your songs sound like music from a Hollywood movie.

And then say, “He who controls the reverb, controls the world.

He who controls the reverb controls the world.

See you soon.

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